Liquidating of jewish ghettos

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Before the Second World War, Warsaw was a prominent intellectual and social capital.It also had the largest Jewish settlement in Europe perhaps 380,000 Jews (almost a third of the citys population) lived in Warsaw, many of them in a prosperous and vibrant area called Nalewki.Then Joseph murmurs 'That's the manhole, in Krakusa Street.' On 13 March 1943, the Nazis liquidated the Krakow ghetto and sent the remaining inhabitants to Plaszow or Auschwitz.Joseph and Janina Fischler escaped down that man-hole, into the sewer.'We came out of our room on the morning of the 13th and went into the street holding hands and were sucked into the panic-stricken human tide,' Janina says.'The whole of the ghetto's population seemed to be in the main thoroughfare.That, too, was an ill-fated train.' After the war, in Krakow, there was a Jewish house where lists of survivors were posted. 'Then, 10 o'clock one morning, suddenly she appeared. 'If you have pain, and my pain is for life, you do not wish to pass it on to those you love.Janina had on a flowered dress.' They went to Edinburgh, then London.

In the film, when the train drives into Auschwitz, do you know what I thought of? 'I thought of Anna Karenina arriving at the Moscow station. 'I have never talked about it to my daughter,' Janina says.

'There was,' says Janina, 'an attachment to things.

So long as you had your wardrobe, your handbags, if you had your bed linens, life was bearable.' 'We had no idea what lay in store for us, even when we got inside the ghetto.

You thought only of the next five minutes.' She and her brother have never talked about their parents, she adds. IN Schindler's List, a long, detailed sequence chronicles the liquidation of the ghetto. During it, I can see brother and sister, watching, completely still. And occasionally, each raises a hand, to his or her face, as if to shield themselves from the pictures, as if to fend them off. I thought: I have come here from hell, yet people are living normally.' Taken in by Polish peasants for a while, she also lived rough, alone, often in winter.

'About everything else, yes, but not that.' The 'resettlement' actions continued. Within half an hour, he was through the window, hanging on to the outside of the train. Bleeding, he made his way across occupied Krakow back to the ghetto; he had promised his parents to take care of his sister. After the liquidation, and the sewer, Joseph was sent to the Plaszow concentration camp; at 19 he was on a labour camp list, as a healthy Jewish male he had no choice. The lack of emotional support was worse: 'In two years, no one showed me any affection.

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